How ions gather water molecules around them

Seemingly simple questions about the hydration shell of charged particles remained unanswered for a long time. Until this new analysis arrived. Charged particles in aqueous solutions are always surrounded by a shell of water molecules. However, much is still unknown about the nature of this so-called hydration shell. Using spectroscopic methods developed in-house, chemists from … Read more How ions gather water molecules around them


Finding the best escape route from underground train stations

Researchers started a fire three times in the underground railway system in Berlin for this project. Underground railways are indispensable in major German cities. It would be impossible to cope with the entire volume of traffic on the surface. The transport company BVG (Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe) counted more than half a billion passengers on its underground … Read more Finding the best escape route from underground train stations